What Causes Cavities?

Cavities are caused by tooth decay, which occurs in stages. By understanding these stages, you can better A dentist holding an x-rayprevent cavities from forming in your mouth.

Stage I: Plaque Forms In this stage, leftover sugar from the food and drinks combines with natural bacteria that live in your mouth. The bacteria produce acid and form a buildup on the teeth, which is known as plaque.

Stage II: Plaque Destroys Enamel – When plaque is left on a tooth, the acid in your mouth starts to eat away at the enamel. The enamel is the hard surface that is there to protect the outer surface of a tooth. These holes in the enamel are the first stages of cavities.

Stage III: Bacteria & Plaque Invade Tooth – As the outer layer of the tooth is destroyed, bacteria and plaque start to threaten the inner parts of the tooth, the dentin and pulp. Eventually, the bone supporting the tooth may also be exposed to decay.

Disrupt cavity formation by taking action during the early stages of plaque buildup. First, brush your teeth daily to prevent sugar from remaining on your teeth. Then make an appointment with a family dentistry in Park Slope to have any remaining plaque removed and holes in enamel treated.